Facts About Cinder Cone Volcanoes

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Cinder_cone_diagram

• Cinder Cone Volcano
A cinder cone volcano, also known as scoria cone or tephra cone, is one of the smallest types of volcano. Cinder cones have a bowl-shaped crater at its summit and resemble piles of sand if seen from a far distance. They usually grow besides other types of volcanoes such as stratovolanoes and shield volcanoes; they can only grow for about 300 meters (1,000 Feet).

• Strombolian Eruption
Cinder cone volcanoes are formed by Strombolian eruptions. These eruptions are named after the small volcano-island called Stromboli in the middle of Sicily and Italy; it erupts constantly for over hundreds of years. The eruption spits lava into the air with about hundreds of meters high making the volcano taller as it cools.

• Monogenetic Volcano
Cinder cone volcanoes are monogenetic; this means that they are formed from only one eruption and that they only erupt once on its lifetime. Cerro Negro volcano in Nicaragua is an exception.

• Fault Lines
Cinder cone volcanoes can form among place running along the fault lines. They can be aligned on the fault line itself and also on its sides.

• Cerro Negro
The volcano of Cerro Negro in Nicaragua, America is a very active cinder cone volcano which was formed during an eruption in 1850. It had erupted for about 20 times since the time it was born. Its most recent eruption was on May- August 1995 while its longest eruption happens within 3 months in 1960. Cerro Negro’s basaltic eruptions have lavas and tephras (rock segments) with at least 6% of water contents.

• Paricutin Volcano
On 20th of February 1943, about 200 miles west of Mexico City, Paricutin Volcano was discovered by Dionisio Pulido when a crack in the grounds turned itself into 2.5-5 meter fissure. Weeks before its birth, the villagers near the site had heard thunders and sea roars. It is a cinder cone volcano which brought a big help to the scientist to study the whole volcanic life cycle; from formation to its extinction. This volcano grew for about 150 meters in just one week.

• Lava Butte and Lake Benham
Lava Butte is a cinder cone volcano that can be found in Oregon, USA. The volcano’s lava flow interrupts the usual flow of Deschutes River, as the hot lava of the volcano and the cold waters of the river collides it will make a solid matter blocking the path of the river and a lake on its own; this happened from over 7,000 years ago. The lake formed was called Lake Benham.

• Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field
The Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field (RCVF) can be found in Mexico City and is active for about 50 thousand to 9 million years. It ranges from Raton, New Mexico in the west and to Clayton, New Mexico. This volcanic field covers up to 7500 square miles in area.

• Capulin Volcano
Capulin Volcano is cinder volcano is one of the volcanoes in Raton- Clayton Volcanic Field and is the youngest to have volcanic activity until today. This volcano is where the Great Plains and the forest of Rocky Mountains meet making it a home of many different kinds of grasses and trees.

• Sunset Craters
Sunset Craters can be found in the San Francisco Volcanic Field and is considered to be one of the youngest cinder cone volcanoes in United States. It began erupting since 1065 to 1065 A.D. Sunset Craters was named after its topmost red spatter which looks amazing when under the sunlight; it was named by John Wesley Powell, the first director of United States Geological survey.

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