The word ‘œchimpanzee’ is from the Bantu language of Angola meaning ‘œape.’ The word was first used in the English language around 1738, referring to an intelligent anthropoid, Pan troglodytes, found in the forests of West Africa.
Fact 1. The two African apes, the chimpanzee and the bonobo, are the closest living relatives of humans.
Fact 2. Â The fossil Â Ardipithecus ramidus dated 4.4 million years indicated that it could be ancestral to the chimpanzee and humans and Â possessed an intermediate form of walking.
Fact 3. Â Â The chimpanzee’s emotional and social psyche is similar to humans’ selfless behavior which is regarded as a human trait.
Fact 4. Â Chimpanzees also exhibit traits of passing on behavioral patterns from generation to generation.
Fact 5. Â The distinct difference between humans and chimpanzees is the ability to grasp language.
Fact 6. Chimpanzees Â and bonobos have different social behavior patterns, with chimpanzees being more violent compared to bonobos. There is speculation that the bonobos instead of chimpanzees could share ancestral linkages with humans.
Fact 7. Male chimpanzees are more dominant than females. Violent behavior in the form of threatening behavior and fighting is used to resolve disputes. Female chimps live isolated lives and are frequently harassed by male chimpanzees.
Fact 8. Â Chimpanzees normally sleep in trees on nests of branches and leaves.
Fact 9. Physically, the male chimpanzee is 5 and one-half feet tall and weighs around 154 pounds. The female chimpanzee is slightly smaller framed. Chimpanzees are skilled climbers and have longer arms than legs.
Fact 10. Chimpanzees are noted for feeding on medicinal plants when ill or injured.